LASIK or Laser-assisted in Situ Keratomileusis, commonly known as laser vision correction or LASIK, is an innovative form of refractive surgery used to correct myopia, hyperopic, and astigmatism. The procedure involves the application of a special laser onto the eye’s cornea or lens to reshape the microscopic structure. This change alters the lens’ properties, which allows for clearer and sharper vision. For more detailed information about LASIK surgeons, check out the best LASIK webpage in SG.
How Does LASIK Eye Surgery Performed?
A LASIK eye surgery is performed by a team of doctors led by the surgeon. These surgeons carefully examine each patient, doing a series of physical examinations to determine risks and complications before surgery. The first step is to eliminate all eye diseases or conditions that may hamper successful surgery, such as high blood pressure, glaucoma, or close-headed eyes. A thorough checkup also reveals if the patient is allergic to any prescribed medication, such as antibiotics, anti-cholesterol drugs, or prescription glasses, reading glasses, or surgical wear.
The patient’s eye is then prepared for LASIK eye surgery by numbing drops. Some patients experience slight redness for several hours following the procedure. This effect is caused by the temporary removal of some of the excimer laser’s laser energy during the procedure. A cooling unit containing saline solution and a bandage similar to a wrap is then applied to cover the eye. Two weeks later, the bandage will be removed and the eye will be able to resume normal activities.
A small device called a microkeratome will be used to remove the sutures that keep the flap from healing. It will then be folded so it can be placed on a frame-like unit that fits behind the eye. A small laser is then used to help reshape the cornea so that better vision is achieved. A laser will also be used to help make the flap wider.
One of the most common forms of visual distortions caused by refractive errors is myopia (nearsightedness) or hyperopia (glasses). Lasik eye surgery corrects these problems so that a more normal range of vision can be seen clearly. Myopia is usually corrected with the use of prisms or custom-made lenses, whereas hyperopia (common among younger people) can be corrected with the use of specially designed prisms. Both conditions are typically caused by high levels of myopia or astigmatism.
The final step in the laser eye surgery procedure involves the insertion of a thin circular flap on the cornea. The purpose of this is to allow the laser to reach and work on the affected area. The flap is removed after about thirty seconds so that the flap does not interfere with the patient’s sight.
After LASIK Procedures
Once the procedure is complete, patients must wear glasses or contacts for approximately two months. This is to allow the muscles in the eyes to slowly and fully heal. Most patients report having little discomfort, but it may be necessary for the surgeon to make adjustments to the equipment during the healing process. Swelling and pain are usually the most common complaints from patients, but a strong topical antibiotic is unlikely to have any negative impact on the healing process.
It is important to note that the final LASIK eye surgery cost will vary depending on a number of different factors. These include the skill of the surgeon performing the procedure as well as the type of laser being used. A larger number of factors will affect the overall final price, including the type of corrective aids needed, where the surgical procedure is performed and whether or not additional treatment is needed after the procedure. Most surgeons recommend that patients research LASIK eye surgery cost in detail prior to choosing which surgeon to use. If you are in need of vision correction, a laser eye surgery procedure can provide you with permanent results and comfort.